Sunday, January 19, 2020
Alcoholism among Victorians Essay -- Victorian Era
Alcoholism among Victorians Wrayburn: Ã¢â¬Å"It will be necessary, I think, to wind up Mr. Dolls, before anything to any mortal purpose can be got out of him. Brandy, Mr. Dolls, or - ?Ã¢â¬ Mr. Dolls: Ã¢â¬Å"ThreepennÃ¢â¬â¢orth Rum.Ã¢â¬ --Our Mutual Friend by Charles Dickens Throughout Victorian society Ã¢â¬Å"gin was the preferred spirit of the lower class, while wine and brandy were imbibed by the more comfortable citizenryÃ¢â¬ (Alcoholic Beverages 12). During the nineteenth century, the Victorians had high expectations of their class system to make sure the classes were distinct and properly represented. They Ã¢â¬Å"valued controlled, propitious behaviorÃ¢â¬ and would tolerate nothing less (Harding Victorians and Alcohol). There was a Ã¢â¬Å"cultural value placed on teetotaling,Ã¢â¬ total abstinence from alcoholic drinks, but despite this value Ã¢â¬Å"alcohol consumption became a popular pastimeÃ¢â¬ (Harding Victorians and Alcohol). Behavior such as drunkenness was strongly disapproved of because of its association with the lower class. Alcoholism: Representation of the Working Class It was widely known that Ã¢â¬Å"drunkenness, and the related loss of self-control, was associated with the lower classesÃ¢â¬ and therefore had negative connotations (Harding Victorians and Alcohol). Spirits, a popular hard liquor, Ã¢â¬Å"had become the everyday drink for less wealthy peopleÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"laborers commonly used spirits to flee from their desolate everyday livesÃ¢â¬ (Harding Victorians and Alcohol). The awful working and living conditions of the working class contributed to their Ã¢â¬Å"hard, controlled, and monotonous life, [leading] to excessive drinking of hard liquorÃ¢â¬ (Harding Victorians and Alcohol). This excessive drinking would sometimes result in public intoxication which was Ã¢â¬Å"regarded as anti-s... ...ss, Inc. 1996. 12. Distad, Merrill N. Ã¢â¬Å"Food and Diet.Ã¢â¬ Victorian Britain: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc. 1988. 304-307. Garwood, John. Ã¢â¬Å"Religious and moral Character of the Pensioners, and Provisions made for their Instruction.Ã¢â¬ Social Investigation/Journalism Ã¢â¬â The Million-Peopled City. (1853): 94-96. 11 Mar. 2005 Harding, Stephen. Ã¢â¬Å"Alcohol.Ã¢â¬ VictoriansÃ¢â¬â¢ Secrets. Ã¢â¬Å"Absinthe and Victorians.Ã¢â¬ VictoriansÃ¢â¬â¢ Secrets. 2000. University of Texas at Arlington. 24 Feb. 2005. Kent, Christopher A. Ã¢â¬Å"Drink.Ã¢â¬ Twentieth-Century Britain: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1995. 239-240. Murdock, Catherine Gilbert. Domesticating Drink: Women, Men, and Alcohol in America, 1870-1940 . Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.